Spending six hours googling feudal coups, succession wars, and treachery is legitimate time working.
Reading novels also constitutes research.
Friends on facebook who came point out famous historic power struggles at the drop of a hat.
Although sitting down and writing is the largest part about being a writer, the daydreaming out scenes while on cross state car trips is also considered productive time.
Red ink pens and post it notes. (And those nifty binder things that hold all your pages together with the editing equipment.
We are now five chapters from the end of the edits and proceeding to enter them into the file while working on plotting out another book. My muse hates me... or just likes to see me squirm.